Entering the Netherworld: Notes


1 N guruš u4 1-še3 // gu-ur2mušen dal-la (“N men for one day, to chase away the gur birds”). Compare SAT 3, 1630: guru buru4mušen; Touzalin, Aleppo 241: 1 guru ud 30-še3 // buru4mušen dal-še3.

2 Sjöberg 1993, 3 rev. i 11': gu-ru = NU11.BURmušen = he-re-ba-am.

3 For the g/b alternation, see Civil 1973, 60.

4 See Fronzaroli 1996, 53 with note 6 and Sjöberg 1999, 540 with references to earlier literature.

5 For a fuller discussion of buru4mušen, see the catalogue of Sumerian bird names (Chapter 9) in my forthcoming Religion, Literature, and Scholarship. The Sumerian Composition Nanše and the Birds.

6 See the discussion in Karahashi 2000, 164.

7 Repeated in 98-100.

8 Repeated in 125-126. For both passages, see most recently Katz 2003, 87-88.

9 For discussions of ganzer see Katz 2003, 85-91 and Horowitz 1998, 287-288, where further examples are quoted.

10 MSL 13, 36 A12 and B1; MSL 16, 20 24’. In context the word appears in ETCSL: The Exploits of Ninurta 569; ETCSL: Nuska A D7; and ETCSL: Lament for Uruk E19

11 The word for flame is spelled NE.SI.A (ganzer2; lexical only) or ga-an-ze(2)-er, whereas the entrance to the netherworld is written IGI.KUR.ZA (ganzer) or IGI.KUR (ganzer3).The only exception may be ETCSL: Inanna and Enki I116, but the context is unclear.

12 See Maul 1995 and Katz 2003, 227-228.

13 Identical lines are found at the conclusion of ETCSL: The Dedication of an Axe to Nergal. See further PSD A/1 under a-si-ga and a-sig, and the discussion in Alster 1991, 88 commentary to line 167.

14 For this passage see Tinney 1996, 175.

15 See most recently Robson 1999, 176 with earlier literature.

 



Version: 2 September 2003